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African mobile money use increases


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 Ada Anioji, with agency reports


There is growing concern over the future and shape of money with the continuing growth and expansion of international mobile money transfer services.

In Africa, M-Pesa, the revolutionary mobile money transfer service introduced by Vodafone in Kenya in 2007 now has 24.6 million customers spread through 11 countries.

Tne countries include Kenya South Africa, Tanzania, Afghanistan, India, Romania and Albania.

Spurred by these developments, leading global money transfer service, PayPal has announced that it will also expand its international money transfer business, Xoom into Africa.

Acording to a statement obtained by The Difference, the move would allow U.S. customers to send money to people in Kenya with M-Pesa accounts.

M-Pesa, which means money in Swahili, is a mobile-phone based financial service launched by Vodafone in 2007 targeting those not served by traditional banks.

Indeed concern is rising globally that financial services as we know them currently are now being heavily exposed as being especially vulnerable to technological disruption. As noted by the South African business analyst, Alec Hogg, ‘from Bitcoin to the broader blockchain, Paypal to Transferwise, nimble competitors are coming at traditional banks and insurers hard and fast.’

Hogg points to the fact that despite the enthusiasm recently expressed by President Jacob Zuma to the effect that South Africa’s financial services sector was strong and agile and would continue to serve the nation profitably well in the years ahead, the path of wisdom lay in payindg serious heed to the technology disrupters that were already eating away at the market share of the traditional financial services providers.

‘South Africa has some terrific examples of companies whose leadership understand how rapidly the sector is transforming and are shaping strategy accordingly, Capitec, Barclays Africa Capital, FirstRand and Brightrock being obvious examples. But many in the establishment are like dinosaurs of yore who continued to chew their cud while meteors approached. Perhaps they will pay more attention after hearing newly independent and seriously ambitious Paypal has created a mobile wallet alliance with Vodacom’s parent Vodafone. When you can access your money on a cell phone, who needs a bank account? Hogg surmised.


According to the statement from Paypal Holdings Inc., its forging of the new mobile-wallet partnerships with telecommunications giants Vodafone Group Plc in Europe and America Movil SAB in Latin America, was part of a move highlighting a key growth strategy for the digital-payments company after its separation from online marketplace EBay Inc.

PayPal Chief Executive Officer Dan Schulman is looking for new customers in Vodafone’s 454 million users and America Movil’s 286 million subscribers. Schulman is scheduled to announce the partnerships Monday at Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Spain, to highlight how PayPal is expanding beyond a button to pay for things on websites into a mobile wallet platform enabling users to send money abroad and pay for items in stores by scanning with their smartphones.

“We’re taking our platform of innovation and partnering with some of the leading mobile companies around the world,” Schulman said in an interview. “You’re beginning to see this vision come to life of PayPal being the partner of choice that helps merchants and consumers transact and move money in the world of digital commerce.”

When PayPal was part of EBay, it traditionally entered new markets along with the online marketplace, gaining exposure as more shoppers and merchants bought and sold goods through the online bazaar. PayPal split from EBay in July and now considers mobile carriers key partners. PayPal provides a platform for the carriers’ digital wallets, generating new revenue sources from transactions and potentially new PayPal account holders. PayPal had 179 million active users at the end of 2015, mostly in the U.S. and Europe.

The Vodafone partnership will enable PayPal’s European customers to use Android smartphones to make touch-less payments at Visa terminals, starting in Spain and expanding to additional markets this year. The America Movil deal entails creating digital wallets for the company’s 140 million Tel Cel and Claro customers in Mexico and Brazil.

PayPal’s most visible business is processing payments on websites through PayPal user accounts linked to bank accounts and credit cards. It is increasingly a behind-the-scenes payments solution, powering such mobile applications as Uber Technologies Inc.’s ride-hailing service and Airbnb Inc.’s room- booking app. It purchased Xoom Corp. for $890 million last year and it is experimenting with buy buttons seen on social media platforms such as Pinterest Inc.

The new mobile carrier partnerships are consistent with PayPal’s strategy of expanding beyond its traditional business of processing payments on websites, said Gil Luria, an analyst at Wedbush Securities Inc. in Los Angeles.

“Paypal doesn’t want to limit where it is involved because this industry is so big and fast moving,” he said.

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